Five Endangered Indonesian Bird Species

Indonesia has many endangered bird species, five of them are:

Dara Mahkota (Goura sp.)

Dara Mahkota (mambruk) is a close relative of the pigeon (Columbiadae). A length of 65-75 cm. Blue-gray color with a beautiful topknot like lace. There are 3 species of dara mahkota, dara mahkota ubiaat (Goura cristata), which is similar to dara mahkota selatan (Goura scheepmakeri), and dara mahkota victoria (Goura victoria).

Dara mahkota victoria has a crest with a white tip, while the dara mahkota selatan dan ubiaat has a crest with a similar tip plain blue lace. Bird-eating grains and fruits are more often located at ground level. Diminishing in number is due to poaching and habitat destruction. These birds can be found in Irian Island (Papua) and several islands in the vicinity.

Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo)

Maleo Senkawor or Maleo, is a kind of medium-sized bird, with a length of about 55cm, and is the only bird in the single genus Macrocephalon remaining. Maleo is unique, when the newly hatched baby bird can fly. Maleo egg size weighs 240 grams to 270 grams per egg, the average size of 11 cm. However, currently threatened with extinction because of habitat from an increasingly narrow and the eggs are laid in sand are often taken by residents. An estimated amount of maleos are less than 10,000.

Honey Bird Sangie (Aethopyga duyvenbodei)

This bird has a small body size, which is 12 cm. Honey bird Sangie backs feathers have metallic green and blue, and yellow chest. Often these birds are found in pairs, and rarely are in small groups. Bird honey Sangie living in elevation: 000-900 m with a regional spread of reaching the island of Bali and Sulawesi Islands.

Luntur Kasumba (Harpactes kasumba)

The presence of the beautiful feathered bird is critically endangered. Population is low due to the destruction of forests on Sumatra Island. This bird has a body size of about 35 cm. Kasumba faded male has a different coat color fade Kasumba females. Male birds have plumage patterns typical red neck like a necklace of width and shape of a white crescent on the chest, while the female bird has the throat and chest are gray-brown and light brown belly. However, both are equally brown-colored iris, blue-colored skin around the eyes, beak bluish, black head, and orange legs.

Not just physically, male birds and female birds can also be distinguished by voice. Sound male birds of this type are increasingly weakened. His voice was soft short succession: “kur, kur, kur” from the beginning and then gradually faded at the end. Female birds sound more like a weak snort.

Beo Nias (Gracula religiosa robusta)

Beo Nias is endemic on the Island of Nias, North Sumatra, Indonesia. At present, the existence of beo Nias are very concerned because more are in the bird cage, rather than living in the wild. Beo Nias have an ability to mimic sounds, including human voice.

Beo Nias has a body length about 40 cm, with a head having a pair of bright yellow wattle, and sagging up to together in the back of the head, black fur, except a little white on the wing edges. Beo Nias have brown-colored iris, yellow-colored legs with three fingers facing forward, and one finger facing backwards. Birds that live in pairs or groups live in nests that they make by way of punching holes in trees.

Source :